Which Climate Mitigation Policies do Local Elites Support?

Executive Summary
  • they prefer having international organizations formulate climate policies;
  • they support imposing increasing fines on policy violators;
  • they support renewing climate agreements every 5 years;
  • they do not support having non-governmental organizations establish climate policy rules;
  • they do not support informal norms as a means of conflict resolution.
Policy Challenge
Context
Research Design
Figure 1. Example of conjoint table presented to respondents.
Results
  • Latin American elites prefer that international organizations set the rules of climate agreements over both federal and local governments.
  • Elites surveyed hold positive opinions about local community members contributing to rule-making.
  • Non-governmental organizations are Latin American elites’ least preferred actor to decide on rules.
  • The authors find that elites prefer that disputes be settled by the United Nations.
  • Elites favor climate agreements less when conflicts are settled by government bureaucracy or left to informal rules or norms.
  • Most elites prefer some type of punishment of rulebreakers — favoring the use of fines over imprisonment or blacklisting.
  • Elites slightly favor linking burden of payment to history of emissions — yet, this is not statistically different from basing costs on current emissions.
  • Climate agreements with some level of flexibility are preferred by elites.
  • Elites favor agreements that can be renegotiated every five years.
  • Elites believe that Latin American countries should contribute to the global provision of public goods; the authors did not find evidence of intent to use local agreements to free-ride on global climate change policies.
Lessons