Brief 10: Accountability and Collective Action in Albania

 School Stakeholder Survey2008 Living Standards Measurement SurveyDistrict-Level Coefficient Correlation
 MeanSDMeanSD 
Demographics     
Average years of education10.983.2510.733.360.25
Average age40.176.3944.2217.58-0.27
Wealth0.000.92n/an/a0.52***
Measures of Social Engagement
Belongs to organization0.020.150.240.75-0.08
Participated in community activity in past year0.150.350.110.31-0.01
Thinks village members would coordinate in case of water shortage0.720.450.640.48-0.15
% of relatives or friends among other parents0.060.90n/an/a 
Involvement with Pupil’s Education
Help with homework at least once a week0.760.430.540.500.06
Number of meetings with teacher in previous semester4.523.3n/an/a0.34**
Information about Participatory Accountability Institutions
Knows about existence of parent class representatives0.720.45n/an/a 
Knows about existence of school board0.580.49n/an/a0.32*
Knows about existence of participatory accountability institutions in schoolsn/an/a0.680.47 
      
Participation in last parent class representative election0.50.5n/an/a 
  • Identify ways to increase local participation and civic engagement in Albania and other new democracies.
  • Identify the types of individuals who are more or less likely to participate politically and in doing so; hold their leaders accountable, particularly in contexts in which there is skepticism as to the free and fair nature of national elections.
  • Consider ways to raise visibility about other citizens’ willingness to participate in political institutions at the local and national levels, which should in turn affect the likelihood that citizens will themselves participate rather than free-ride. This derives from citizens’ greater propensity to engage in political institutions (cooperate) when they believe that others will do so as well.