Can Trust Be Built Through Citizen Monitoring of Police Activity?

Background
Research Design
Hypotheses
  • Do areas with RdV groups see improvements in (perception of) safety?
  • Do RdV groups change the quantity and quality of citizen information sharing?
  • Does RdV change beliefs about police capacity, intentions and effectiveness? Does it increase communal trust or trust in the police?
  • Does RdV increase (perceived) physical police presence?
  • Do areas with RdV groups see improvements in (perception of) safety?
  • Do RdV groups change the quantity and quality of citizen information sharing?
  • Does RdV change beliefs about police capacity, intentions and effectiveness? Does it increase communal trust or trust in the police?
  • Does RdV increase (perceived) physical police presence?
  • What is the effect of body-worn cameras on police use-of-force, behavior, efficiency and citizen complaints in particular shifts?
  • Do treatment officers behave differently if they used BWC in the past, even if they are not using the app in a specific black out shift? How do treatment effects vary by officer level characteristics?
  • How do BWCs impact dispatch group and team dynamics? In particular, can we observe any effect on control police officers who were allocated to a dispatch group in which at least one officer was treated? Do treatment effects persist even when officers are not wearing cameras?
Findings