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Title The Rise of Majority-Ethnic Nationalism and Social Fragmentation among Marginalised Groups: Experimental Evidence from India
Post date 08/29/2019
C1 Background and Explanation of Rationale Rising ethnic nationalism – a trend witnessed across the globe – threatens the material and symbolic status of ethnic minorities by questioning their status as ‘true’ national members. Facing a common threat is generally thought to unite threatened groups under a common banner, strengthening identification and enhancing cooperation. However, marginalized group members do not always respond to group threats in concert. On the contrary, a threatening environment sometimes results in weakened group commitment. Through behavioural games in a laboratory setting in the field, this study explores how exclusion affects social identity choices among Muslims in India, as well as when group members respond to exclusion by deepening their group commitment, and when this is less likely. By randomly assigning a prime that highlights the symbolic exclusion suffered by Muslims in the context of rising Hindu nationalism, and by assigning participants to high- or low-status groups as a function of their family's monthly income, we study the role of socio-economic status in conditioning responses to group threat.
C2 What are the hypotheses to be tested?

Hypotheses are included in the pre-analysis plan. We study whether (1) deepening exclusion enhances differences in social identification among high- and low-status group members, with low-status group members coming to identify more strongly with the nation/region. (2) deepening exclusion enhances differences in strength of group commitment among high- and low-status group members, with low-status group members acting less pro-socially towards other group members and whether (3) deepening exclusion leads low-status minorities to attach more weight to existing social distinctions.

We will predict the probability of cooperation/levels of contributions among primed/non-primed participants of high and low status to in and out-group members.

C3 How will these hypotheses be tested? * Through randomly assigning a prime devaluing the common group status, priming individuals with their high/low financial status and assigning the high/low status of counterparts in prisoner dilemma and dictator games and a game of gifting to NGOs.
C4 Country India
C5 Scale (# of Units) 300
C6 Was a power analysis conducted prior to data collection? Yes
C7 Has this research received Insitutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee approval? Yes
C8 IRB Number FE_0017
C9 Date of IRB Approval 03/05/2019
C10 Will the intervention be implemented by the researcher or a third party? Researchers
C11 Did any of the research team receive remuneration from the implementing agency for taking part in this research? No
C12 If relevant, is there an advance agreement with the implementation group that all results can be published? No
C13 JEL Classification(s) not provided by authors