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Brief 60: Reducing Youth Support for Violence through Training and Cash Transfers in Afghanistan

The authors partnered with local village councils (shuras) in Kandahar, Afghanistan to identify 2,597 eligible youth to participate in the study, which was carried out in 2015-2016. Employing a “waitlist” approach to randomization that allows all participants in the sample to partake in the TVET programs, the authors randomly divided the sample into two cohorts. Cohort 1 began the TVET program treatment immediately, receiving a series of three- and six-month vocational training courses.

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Brief 57: How Media Influence Social Norms: Evidence from Mexico

The research design combined two sources of variation to create four treatment groups in a factorial design (Table 1). First, the soap opera was broadcast via a community loudspeaker only reaching a portion of the community due to topographical conditions (the natural experiment component). Households within the loudspeaker’s reach were also randomly invited by the regional NGO to listen to the soap opera program at a community meeting, with the remaining households able to hear the broadcast at their homes regardless.

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Brief 47: Refugee Messaging and Host Society Attitudes in Turkey

The authors conducted a survey experiment on 1,257 Turkish citizens who resided in southeastern and central Turkey in June 2014. The survey experiment presented different messages about the possible effects of hosting refugees—increased economic burden, disruption of ethnic balance, and ties with rebels, as well as a positive message of saving innocent women and children. These messages were tailored to resemble elite cues as they appear in the media.

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Brief 46: Measuring Social Support During Counterinsurgency in Colombia

Using a survey experiment, the authors randomize indirect and direct questions about support for state forces. The indirect measure is a list experiment, a method used in other contexts to reduce pressure on respondents to falsify preferences, due to fear of coercion or social sanctioning. Under a list experiment, one group receives a list of control items, and another group receives the same list with an item of interest added, and respondents in each sample are asked how many items they support.

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Brief 40: Development Assistance and Collective Action Capacity

In 2006, the UK government and the International Rescue Committee funded and implemented Community-Driven Reconstruction (CDR) projects across Liberia. Under these projects, a number of local councils throughout Liberia were given the chance to choose infrastructure projects for their villages and to implement their construction.

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EGAP 16: Cape Town, March 2016

A critical challenge facing governance is that of dealing with social violence in its various manifestations – addressing its causes, managing it in more constructive ways and seeking to prevent it through building more cohesive and peaceful societies. This workshop aims to highlight experimental research that explores the causes and dynamics of conflict and violence, as well as approaches to preventing or resolving violence, particularly interventions that address the root causes of conflict, and promote social cohesion.
 
Friday, March 11
  • 8:30 - Coffee and Light Breakfast 
  • 9:00-9:15 - Welcome and Introductions

Brief 34: Violent Conflict and Behavior in Burundi

The researchers study 300 respondents in 35 communities that experienced a wide range of violent events. To identify past violence, the authors measure how many deaths communities experienced during the war, and also interview individual households about their experiences during war.

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Brief 32: Anti-Americanism in the Middle East

This study discerns the type and extent of anti-American biases by measuring behavioral responses: whether or not subjects refuse to take the survey depending on who they believe sponsored it. In a mass attitude survey in Lebanon, subjects are randomly exposed to different survey sponsors, and their refusal rates are compared between treatment conditions.

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Brief 23: Discrimination in Everyday Behavior

Using flyers, Michelitch recruited 18 to 45 year old men in highly trafficked areas to ride along a pre-destined route in the third free taxi that passed them. Subjects were given 3.5 Ghana cedis (US$3.50), and could keep money left over from negotiations. Subjects were given an opening script to repeat in their mother tongues to establish their ethnic and thereby likely political affiliation to taxi drivers. Upon reaching their destinations, they reported the ethnic identity of their taxi driver and how much they paid to take the ride.
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Brief 08: Hearts and Minds in Afghanistan

Methodology

In order to elicit honest levels of support, the researchers used a series of four endorsement experiments.  Rather than asking civilians whether they supported the Taliban or ISAF, the survey asked whether they support four policies, which they prefaced with “The Taliban supports,” “The ISAF supports,” or “Some people support.”  (The policies are in fact all endorsed by both sides.)  This does not measure the individual’s support for each side, but provides an estimate of support for a group within a region’s population.

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