Brief 35: Reducing Reconvictions Among Released Prisoners

To study the effectiveness of the Citizenship program on offenders of different risk profiles, the researchers used a stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT). The Citizenship program was introduced to six offices in the new probation area of Teeside, U.K. during 2007-2008. The sample encompassed 1,091 offenders, with 395 assigned to Citizenship and 696 assigned to control.

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