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Brief 42: Understanding the Failure of a Randomized Trial to Deepen Democracy in Rural India

This paper uses both a randomized controlled trial (RCT) and ethnography to evaluate the impact of a treatment consisting of three phased interventions at the GP level: 1) a one-week citizen engagement program culminating in the codification of village priorities in a village action plan; 2) meetings with local bureaucrats to secure funding and technical support for projects outlined in this plan; and 3) two years of monitoring and assistance with the implementation of these projects by state representatives known as Resource Persons (RPs).