In 2006, the UK government and the International Rescue Committee funded and implemented Community-Driven Reconstruction (CDR) projects across Liberia. Under these projects, a number of local councils throughout Liberia were given the chance to choose infrastructure projects for their villages and to implement their construction.
First, subjects were surveyed on a variety of topics, including their main sources of income, attitudes towards the law, and whether they had ever broken any laws concerning limits on fishing. The survey also included questions on whether they had ever fished more than official quotas allowed. Approximately one third of respondents either admitted to overfishing, or to being charged with overfishing.
To study the effectiveness of the Citizenship program on offenders of different risk profiles, the researchers used a stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT). The Citizenship program was introduced to six offices in the new probation area of Teeside, U.K. during 2007-2008. The sample encompassed 1,091 offenders, with 395 assigned to Citizenship and 696 assigned to control.