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Title Victimization, religiosity and patriotism
Post date 12/06/2018
C1 Background and Explanation of Rationale Religious identity demarcated the boundaries between different groups living in the Ottoman Empire. Ethnic identity was a construct that was becoming more and more salient among both the Armenian and Muslim/Turkish intelligentsia in the late 19th century and early 20th century but for common people religion was the dimension on which intragroup relations and comparisons were based. Moreover, religious propaganda was used by the Ottoman officials during the genocide to reduce the resistance of local Muslims to deportation and increase their participation in massacres where they took place. One hypothesis to test is whether Armenians whose family members were subject to persecution during the genocide are more religious today, and how religious identity relates to patriotism measures in Armenia today. Another hypothesis to test, if there is enough variation in the data, is whether persecution had a differential effect on religiosity depending on whether one's ancestors were active in the Ottoman politics, i.e., members of ARF (Armenian Revolutionary Federation) or SDHP (Social Democrat Hunchakian Party) given the fact that ethnic identity was already more salient for political elites.
C2 What are the hypotheses to be tested?

Hypothesis 1: Armenians whose family members were subject to persecution during the genocide are more religious today
Hypothesis 2: More religious Armenians are more patriotic
Hypothesys 3: Persecution had a differential effect on religiosity depending on whether one's ancestors were active in the Ottoman politics, i.e., members of ARF (Armenian Revolutionary Federation) or SDHP (Social Democrat Hunchakian Party) given the fact that ethnic identity was already more salient for political elites

C3 How will these hypotheses be tested? * Most hypotheses are tested straightforwardly using OLS or Probit regressions of the variable of interest on the regressor of interest and the number of controls (individual characteristics). The detailed description of the way variables are constructed and which regression are planned to be run available in PAP.
C4 Country Armenia
C5 Scale (# of Units) 2500
C6 Was a power analysis conducted prior to data collection? No
C7 Has this research received Insitutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee approval? Yes
C8 IRB Number IRBWZB101018.1
C9 Date of IRB Approval 10.10.2018
C10 Will the intervention be implemented by the researcher or a third party? Researchers
C11 Did any of the research team receive remuneration from the implementing agency for taking part in this research? No
C12 If relevant, is there an advance agreement with the implementation group that all results can be published? Yes
C13 JEL Classification(s) not provided by authors