close× Call Us
Title Tribe and Nation: Minimum Winning Coalitions and Founding Leader's Ethnicity as Causes for Nation-Building Policies
Post date 11/10/2016
C1 Background and Explanation of Rationale

Are nation-building policies implemented by gifted African leaders? Or they the function of the ethnic diversity of the country? In this study I seek to answer these questions motivated by the Miguel (2004) study that contrasts Tanzania's Julius Nyerere's nation-building efforts relative to Kenya's Jomo Kenyatta. I argue that the relevant factors are the interaction between a leader's ethnicity, in particular whether that ethnicity is part of the majority or is a minority ethnicity and the country's ethnic fractionalization.

C2 What are the hypotheses to be tested?

The main hypothesis is to test whether the ethnicity of the leader and the country's ethnic fractionalization predict the likelihood of that leader to accentuate national rather than ethnic identity in her politics.

C3 How will these hypotheses be tested? *

I supplement the data from Fearon, Kasara, and Laitin (2007) and run an OLS fixed effects model that regresses nation-building policies on the leader's minority ethnicity status, the country's ethnic fractionalization, and the interaction of the two, controlling for a series of covariates. The coefficient of interest is that of the interaction of the two explanatory variables on our outcome of interest.

C4 Country Algeria, Angola, Burundi, Chad, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Namibia, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
C5 Scale (# of Units) 1593
C6 Was a power analysis conducted prior to data collection? Yes
C7 Has this research received Insitutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee approval? not provided by authors
C8 IRB Number not provided by authors
C9 Date of IRB Approval not provided by authors
C10 Will the intervention be implemented by the researcher or a third party? Researchers
C11 Did any of the research team receive remuneration from the implementing agency for taking part in this research? not provided by authors
C12 If relevant, is there an advance agreement with the implementation group that all results can be published? not provided by authors
C13 JEL Classification(s) N17, O10, O55