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Title Evaluation of Madhya Pradesh Safe Cities Initiative
Post date 12/09/2015
C1 Background and Explanation of Rationale

DFID-India is currently working with the Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP) to deliver the Madhya Pradesh Urban Infrastructure Investment Program (MPUIIP). As part of the MPUIIP, DFID is also funding the Safe Cities Initiative which is being delivered in 250 slums across four cities. The design and development of the Safe Cities Initiative started in 2013 and has come to completion as of December 2015. The initiative, which aims to reduce the prevalence of intimate partner violence and public violence experienced by women in the urban context includes three interventions: 1) the provision of general support to existing women’s self help groups 2) the provision of general support to existing women’s self help groups with specialized trainings addressing Violence against Women and community action and 3) the creation of new men and boys collectives in slums with trainings addressing lifeskills, gender, and community action.

In addition to programme delivery, the Safe Cities Initiative has also been designed to generate robust evidence on what interventions work – and do not work - to reduce violence against women (VAW). In June 2013, SDDirect was commissioned to lead an independent impact evaluation of the Safe Cities Initiative in partnership with Columbia University in New York and New Concept Information Systems (NCIS) in Delhi. The evaluation design seeks to contribute to both programme accountability and programme learning.

Further details are outlined in the Pre-Analysis Plan.

C2 What are the hypotheses to be tested?

Our hypothesis families are as follows:
H 1: The program improves women’s economic empowerment.
H 2: The program improves women’s mobility and safety.
H 3: The program decreases the experience and perpetration of IPV.
H 4: The program decreases the experience and perpetration of public harassment and VAW.
H 5: The program improves responses to VAW.
H 6: The program decreases harmful individual attitudes around VAW.
H 7: The program decreases harmful descriptive norms around VAW.
H 8: The program decreases harmful prescriptive norms around VAW

Further details are outlined in the Pre-Analysis Plan.

C3 How will these hypotheses be tested? *

The study uses random assignment to identify the effect of the Initiative on a range of outcomes including levels of intimate partner violence and public violence, women’s mobility and perceptions of safety, individual attitudes and social norms surrounding intimate partner violence and public violence. The sample for the study consists of 250 slums spread across four cities; using a blocked factorial design, slums were randomly selected to receive 1 of 6 possible treatment combinations. The factorial design enables us to assess the relative effectiveness of each intervention in isolation and in combination with others. Baseline and endline surveys administered to a total of 7500 male and female respondents will provide data for the study alongside behavioral measures of support for policy changes around VAW.

Further Details are outlined in the Pre-Analysis Plan.

C4 Country India
C5 Scale (# of Units) 250
C6 Was a power analysis conducted prior to data collection? Yes
C7 Has this research received Insitutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee approval? Yes
C8 IRB Number Columbia University IRB Protocol: IRB-AAAN2604(Y1M00) CU Modification: AAAN2604(M01Y01) for analysis and advisory role; Social Development Direct conducted an ethics review for the overall program evaluation.
C9 Date of IRB Approval Columbia University IRB Protocol: 02/27/2014 ; CU Modification: 10/23/2015 ; Social Development Direct conducted the the Ethics Review at the time of the randomization
C10 Will the intervention be implemented by the researcher or a third party? GHK / IPE Global, India
C11 Did any of the research team receive remuneration from the implementing agency for taking part in this research? No
C12 If relevant, is there an advance agreement with the implementation group that all results can be published? not provided by authors
C13 JEL Classification(s) not provided by authors