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Title The political conditioning of economic perceptions in Uruguay
Post date 06/28/2018
C1 Background and Explanation of Rationale

The objective of this experiment is to test whether individuals in Uruguay, when faced to new informatoion about sociotropic economic perfmormance, update their beliefs asymmetrically dependening on their political partisanship. If the partisanship bias is confirmed, then it directly affects one of the main principles of democracy, the electoral accountability. The theory of economic voting posits that economic perceptions are a key factor to explain political behavior. So, if the causality is reversed and the vote (or political partisanship) influence the economic perception, this means individuals form their evaluations in dependence of their prior partisanships, then electoral accountability is at risk

C2 What are the hypotheses to be tested?

H1: Individuals with a partisanship bond with the ruling party will reject negative information about the sociotropic economic performance, while they will be willing to update their beliefs to positive economic information.
H2: Individuals with a partisanship bond with an opposition party will reject positive information about the sociotropic economic performance, while they will be willing to update their beliefs to negative economic information.

C3 How will these hypotheses be tested? *

In an online survey two treatments and one control group will be randomized at individual level. The treatments are the following:
Treatment 1: Montevideo, MVD - In recent days, the National Institute of Statistics (INE) presented data on the unemployment rate, which averaged 8% in 2018, maintaining the upward trend. That is to say, in Uruguay there are more and more people who cannot get employment. In turn, this figure is higher than that of some countries in the region such as Chile or Mexico

Treatment 2: Montevideo, MVD - In recent days, the National Institute of Statistics (INE) presented data on the unemployment rate, which averaged 8% in 2018, maintaining the downward trend. In other words, in Uruguay there are fewer and fewer people who cannot get employment. In turn, this figure is lower than that of some countries in the region such as Argentina or Brazil.

For the data analysis a means test will be done.

C4 Country Uruguay
C5 Scale (# of Units) 416
C6 Was a power analysis conducted prior to data collection? Yes
C7 Has this research received Insitutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee approval? No
C8 IRB Number not provided by authors
C9 Date of IRB Approval not provided by authors
C10 Will the intervention be implemented by the researcher or a third party? Researchers
C11 Did any of the research team receive remuneration from the implementing agency for taking part in this research? No
C12 If relevant, is there an advance agreement with the implementation group that all results can be published? Yes
C13 JEL Classification(s) not provided by authors